“You will recognize in their faces the beaming brightness of bliss.”
[Translation of the Holy Quran, Surrah Al-Mutaffifeen, 83: 24]
“Some faces, that day, will beam (in happiness), looking at their Lord!”
[Translation of the Holy Quran, Surrah, Qiyamah, 75: 22-23]
“The righteous will be amid gardens and springs. (They will be greeted), ‘Enter here in peace and security.’ And We shall remove from their hearts any lurking sense of injury. (They will be) brothers facing each other on thrones. There no sense of fatigue shall touch them, nor shall they (ever) be evicted.”
[Translation of the Holy Quran, Surrah, Hijr, 15: 45-48]
“Faces that day will be joyful – pleased with their striving – in a garden on high, where they shall hear no bad speech.”
[Translation of the Holy Quran, Surrah, Ghashiyah, 88: 8-11]
Abu Hurairah [ra] reported that the Prophet [saw] said:
“Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, created Adam in His own image with his length being sixty cubits. As He created him, He told him to greet that group (a party of angels sitting there) and listen to the response that they gave him, for it would form his greeting and that of his offspring. He then went away and said, ‘Peace be upon you!’ They (the angels) said, “May there be peace upon you and the mercy of Allah.” So all those who enter Jannah will be in the form of Adam, his length being sixty cubits. Then the people who followed him continued to diminish in size up to now.”
Abu Hurairah [ra] reported that the Messenger [saw] said:
“There will enter Jannah people whose hearts will be like those of the hearts of the birds.”
(This hadith beautifully sums up the qualities of the people of Jannah, just as the hearts of birds are free from every tint of jealousy, in the same way the hearts of the people of Jannah will e free from jealousy, rancor, deceit, and hatred. Secondly, just as birds are always alert and cautious of any danger, in the same way the hearts of the people of Jannah will also be wakeful. Thirdly, trust as the birds trust in Allah for their food, in the same way the people of Jannah will have complete trust in Allah regarding their sustenance, rather, their very existence.)
[Commentary of Abdul Hamid Siddiqi]
Sahl bin Sa’d [ra] narrated that the Prophet [saw] said:
“Seventy thousand or seven hundred thousand of my followers (the narrator is in doubt as to the correct number) will enter Jannah holding each other till the first and the last of them enter Jannah at the same time. Their faces will have a glitter like that of the moon at night when it is full.”
Sahl bin Sa’d [ra] reported that the Prophet [saw] said:
“Verily, 70,000 or 700,000 of my followers will enter Jannah altogether so that the first and the last of them will enter at the same time. Their faces will be a glittering like the bright full moon.”
Abu Hurairah [ra] narrated that the Prophet [saw] said:
“The first batch (of people) who will enter Jannah will be (glittering like the full moon, and the batch next to them will be (glittering) like the most brilliant star in the sky. Their hearts will be as the heart of a single man, for they will have neither enmity nor jealousy among themselves. Everyone will have two wives from the hooris (who will be so beautiful, pure and transparent that) the marrow of the bones of their legs will be seen through the bones and the flesh.”
Abu Hurairah [ra] reported that Allah’s Messenger [saw] said:
“The first group (of people) who will enter Jannah will be glittering like the moon when it is full. They will not spit or blow their noses or relieve nature. Their utensils will be of gold and their cups of gold and silver. In their censors, the aloe wood will be used, and their sweat will smell like musk. Everyone of them will have no enmity among themselves. Everyone of them shall have two wives. The marrow of the bones of the wives ‘legs will be seen through the flesh because of excessive beauty. They (the people of Jannah) will be neither have differences nor hatred among themselves. HTier hearts will be as one heart, and they will be glorifying Allah in the morning and in the evening.”
Abu Hurairah [ra] narrated that the Prophet [saw] said:
“The first batch (of people) who will enter Jannah will be (glittering) like a full moon, and those who will enter next will be glittering like the brightest star. Their hearts will be like the heart of a single man, for they will have two wives, each of whom will be so beautiful, pure and transparent that the marrow of the bones of their legs will be see through the flesh, they will be glorifying Allah in the morning and evening. They will never fall ill, blow their noses or spit. Their utensils will be of gold and silver and their cups will be of gold. The matte used in their censors will be the aloe wood, and their sweat will smell like musk.”
Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudri [ra] reported that the Prophet [saw] said:
“Jannah and Hellfire disputed together and Hellfire said, ‘In me are the mighty and haughty.’ Jannah said, ‘In me are the weak and the poor.’ So Allah judged between them (saying), ‘You are Jannah, My mercy. Through you and I show mercy to those I wish. And you are Hellfire, My punishment. Through you I punish those I wish, and it is incumbent upon Me that each of you shall have its full.’”
[Sahih al-Bukhari, Muslim and at-Tirmidhi]
Harithah ibin Wahb [ra] narrated that the Messenger of Allah [saw] said:
“May I tell you who the dwellers of Jannah are? (They are) every person who is considered weak and is despised, and who if he takes an oath of reliance upon Allah, will fulfill it. Now may I tell you who the people destined for Hell are? (they are) everyone who is ignorant, impertinent, proud and arrogant.”
[Sahih al-Bukhari and Muslim]
بسم اللہ الرحمن الرحیم
ALLAH Almighty says:
“When the Believers saw the Confederates, they said, ‘This is what ALLAH and His Messenger promised us. ALLAH and His Messenger told us the truth.’ It only increased them in faith and in submission.” (The Holy Quran 33:22)
“Those to whom people said: ‘The people great army have gathered against you, so fear them.’ But that merely increased their faith and they said: ‘ALLAH is enough for us and the best of Guardians.’ So they returned with blessings and bounty from ALLAH and no evil touched them. They pursued the pleasure of ALLAH. ALLAH’s favour is indeed immense.” (The Holy Quran 3:173-174)
“Put your trust in the Living who does not, die” (The Holy Quran 25:58) and the Almighty says, “So let the believers put their trust in ALLAH,”
“Then when you have reached a firm decision, put your trust in ALLAH.” (The Holy Quran 3:159)
“Whoever puts his trust in ALLAH ¬ He will be enough for him.” (The Holy Quran 65:3)
“The believers are those whose hearts tremble when ALLAH is mentioned, whose faith is increased when His Signs are mentioned to them, and who put their trust in their Lord.” (The Holy Quran 8:2)
Ibn ‘Abbas (R.A) said, “The Messenger of ALLAH, may ALLAH bless him and grant him peace, said, ‘All the nations were shown to me and I saw a Prophet with a small group, and a Prophet with one or two men, and a Prophet with no one at all. Then an enormous mass was shown to me and I thought that they were my community.
I was told, “This is Musa and his community, but look to the furthest horizon,” and there was an enormous mass. It was said to me, “This is your community. Among them are seventy thousand who will enter the Garden without reckoning or punishment.”‘ Then he got up and entered his house and the people discussed concerning those who would enter the Garden without reckoning or punishment. Some of them said, ‘Perhaps it is those who were with the Messenger of ALLAH,’ while others said, ‘Perhaps it is those who are born in Islam and do not associate anything with ALLAH,’ and they mentioned various things.
The Messenger of ALLAH came out to them and said, ‘What are you discussing?’ They told him and he said, ‘They are those who do not make charms or ask others for charms, and do not seek omens.
They trust in their Lord.’ ‘Ukkasha ibn Muhsin stood up and said, ‘Ask ALLAH to make me one of them.’ He said, ‘You are one of them.’ Then another man stood up and said, ‘Ask ALLAH to make me one of them.’ He said, “‘Ukkasha beat you to it.'” [Agreed upon]
Ibn ‘Abbas (R.A) reported that the Messenger of ALLAH (saw) used to say, “O ALLAH, I submit to you and I believe in you and I have relied on you and I turn to you and I have argued by you. I seek refuge with Your might, there is no god other than You, from Your misguiding me. You are the Living who does not die while jinn and men will all die.” [Agreed upon. This is the version in Muslim.]
‘Hazar Umar Bin Khitab (r.a) said, “I heard the Messenger of ALLAH (saw) say, “If you were to rely on ALLAH as He should be relied on, He would provide for you as He provides for the birds. They go out in the morning hungry and return in the evening full.” [at-Tirmidhi]
Abu ‘Umara al-Bara’ ibn ‘Azib reported that the Messenger of ALLAH (saw) said, “O so-and-so! When you retire to your bed, say, ‘O ALLAH, I submit myself to You and I have turned my face to You. I have entrusted my affair to You and taken shelter with You out of desire for You and fear of You. There is no shelter nor rescue from You except with You. I have believed in Your Book which You sent down and Your Prophet whom You sent.’ If you die during the night, you will die in natural submission, and if you are still alive in the morning, your morning will be good.“ [Agreed upon]
Anas reported that the Messenger of ALLAH (saw) said, “Whoever says, i.e. when he leaves his house, ‘In the name of ALLAH. I have relied on ALLAH and there is no power nor strength except by ALLAH’ will be told, ‘You have been guided, spared and protected,’ and Shaytan will be kept far from him.” [Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi, an-Nasa’i and others]
Abu Dawud added, “He, i.e. Shaytan, says to another shaytan, ‘How can you get at a man who has been guided, spared and protected?'”
Humans have always been social creatures and in need of friends and companions. Much of our lives is spent in interaction with others. For us Muslims who are living in a society where we are clearly a minority, the issue of choosing the right companions is essential for preserving our Deen. Befriending righteous and virtuous Muslims is an essential means for staying on the Straight Path. Strong individuals, on the other hand, are the core of a strong community, something that Muslims should always strive for.
We all know that we were created for a specific purpose and that Allah the Most High has given us life in order to test us. None of us will deny that we are here for a relatively short period of time and that we shall meet Allah (swt) one Day. Once we know our purpose and our goal, we should seek ways to achieve them so as to benefit our own selves. All of us believe that Allah has sent us a Messenger (saws) and revealed to us the Qur’an, the Best Speech.
In an authentic Hadith, the Prophet Muhammad (saws) said: “A person is likely to follow the faith of his friend, so look whom you befriend.” (1).
The person most noble in character and dealings with fellow humans gave us a very clear message and advice in regard to friendship. We should choose the friend that is satisfied with our Deen and avoid the friend that is displeased with it. Whoever we see and are pleased with his Deen, we should befriend him and whoever we are displeased with his Deen and his manners, we ought to avoid him. There is no good in the companion who does not wish for us (from good) what he wishes for himself. There is also no good in the companion who wishes for us what he wishes for himself, if what he likes for his own soul is leading him towards destruction and Hellfire.
The bases for the actions of those who follow the evil ways are corrupt; their actions are built upon misguidance and deviation. Their deeds are worthless to them as Allah (swt) said: “And We will proceed to what they have done of deeds, so We shall render them to scattered floating dust.” (The Noble Qur’an 25:23)
Their actions, even if we regard them as righteous and noble are of no value to them, so how can they be of benefit to us? Friends are those who feel for their companions, in both happy and sad moments. If we share our feelings with the wrong-doers whose actions are worthless and based on corruption, then we are following the same ways and standards as they are. Affection which results from that friendship leads to love and closeness to other than the righteous believers, and this may even lead to avoiding those who are on the Straight Way. Mixing with followers of any way other than that of the Guidance also results in a change in one’s behavior, morals and conduct.
If we agree, follow and are pleased with such friends, then we inherit their habits, behaviors and even religion. Such a Muslim would find himself in a situation wherein he is willing to hide his Islam in front of those who despise it (those that he considers as friends) and to separate from the believers. When this situation occurs, a point is reached when there is a very slight difference between the Muslim and his wrong-doing companion. Such a companionship is the root of sickness of one’s heart and loss of one’s Deen.
Instead of making friends with the misguided ones we should befriend the righteous and treat the rest in a gracious and just manner. Staying at sufficient distance is necessary, yet treating everybody in a noble and kind manner is required.
In another Hadith, Prophet Muhammad (saws) said: “The example of a good companion and a bad companion is like that of the seller of musk, and the one who blows the blacksmith’s bellows.. So as for the seller of musk then either he will grant you some, or you buy some from him, or at least you enjoy a pleasant smell from him. As for the one who blows the blacksmith’s bellows then either he will burn your clothes or you will get an offensive smell from him.” (2)
In his commentary of this Hadith, Imam an-Nawawy said that the Prophet (saws) compared a good companion to a seller of musk and spoke of the virtue of having companions who are good, who have noble manners, piety, knowledge and good culture. Such are those who grant us from their virtue. And he (saws) forbade us to sit with those who do evil, commit a lot of sins and other bad deeds, as well as with innovators, backbiters, and so forth. Another scholar said: “keeping good company with the pious results in attainment of beneficial knowledge, noble manners and righteous actions, whereas keeping company with the wicked prevents all of that.” Many times a Muslim is encouraged by his friends to do evil and to forget his duties. The result is that Muslims themselves are often ashamed to leave them to perform prayer, their friends thus causing them to clearly deviate from the Right Path.
Allah the Exalted says in the Qur’an: “And (remember) the Day when the wrong-doer will bite his hands and say: Woe to me! Would that I had taken a path with the Messenger. Woe to me! If only I had not taken so- and-so as a friend! He has led me astray from this Reminder (the Qur’an) after it had come to me. And Satan is ever a deserter to man in the hour of need.” (The Noble Qur’an 25:27-29)
So take heed before the inevitable Day comes when we are called to account for our actions.
Almighty Allah, the All-Wise also says: “Friends on that Day will be enemies one to another, except al-Muttaqoon (i.e. those who have Taqwah).” (The Noble Qur’an 43:67)
Hafidh Ibn Katheer, commenting on this verse, relates a story on the authority of Ali Ibn Abi Talib (Karamullahu Wajhahu) and says that any friendship for other than Allah is turned into enmity, except what was in it for Allah the Mighty and Majestic: “Two who are friends for Allah’s sake; one of them dies and is given good news that he will be granted al-Jannah, so he remembered his friend and he supplicated for him, saying: ‘O Allah, my friend used to command me to obey You and to obey Your Prophet (saws) and used to command me to do good and to forbid me from doing evil.And he told me that I will meet You.
O Allah, do not let him go astray after me, until you show him what you have just shown me, until You are satisfied with him, just like You are satisfied with me.’ So he is told: ‘Had you known what is (written) for you friend, would you have laughed a lot and cried a little.’ Then his friend dies and their souls are gathered, and both are asked to express their opinions about each other. So each one of them says to his friend: ‘You were the best brother, the best companion and the best friend.’
And when one of the two disbelieving friends dies, and he is given tidings of Hellfire, he remembered his friend and he said: ‘O Allah, my friend used to order me to disobey You and disobey Your Prophet, and commanded me to do evil, and forbade me from doing good, and told me that I would not meet You. O Allah, do not guide him after me, until you show him what you have just shown me and until you are dissatisfied with him just like You are dissatisfied with me.’ Then the other disbelieving friend dies, and their souls are gathered, and both are asked to give their opinions about each other. So each one says to his friend: ‘You were the worst brother, the worst companion and the worst friend.”
That is the end of those who do not have Taqwah and those who befriend for a sake other than that of Allah the Exalted. Allah has surely spoken the truth and we all should grasp what He has informed us of. It is through the good company that Allah, the Most High, saves those who are astray and guides the wicked. The benefit of mixing with the righteous is immense, and it will, insha’Allah, be even more obvious to us in the Hereafter. One of the early Muslims said that it is from Allah’s blessings upon a youth when he turns to worship that he is given brother who is a follower of the Sunnah encouraging him upon it.
Sealing a friendship for Allah’s sake will result in one’s receiving protection of Allah (swt). And as Ibn Abbas said: “No one may taste true faith except by this (i.e. building relationships for Allah’s sake), even if his prayers and fasts are many. People have come to build their relationship around the concerns of the world, but it will not benefit them in any way.” (3)
A scholar has said: “To seal a friendship for Allah’s sake indicates the obligation of establishing relationships of love and trust for His sake; this is a friendship for the sake of Allah. It also indicates that simple affection is not enough here; indeed what is meant is a love based upon alliance. This entails assistance, honor, and respect. It means being with those whom you love both in word and deed.” Loyalty for the sake of Allah really means to love Allah and to come to the assistance of His Deen; to love those who are obedient to Him and to come to their help. Moreover, the Shahadah “La Ilaha Illa Allah” requires us to ally ourselves for the sake of Allah, and it requires us to ally ourselves to the Muslims wherever we find them.
In two other authentic narration’s of the Prophet (saws) we were commanded to keep company with a believer only (3), and told that a person will be with those he loves (4). So if we love and associate ourselves with those who are misguided, we should fear for our fate. The wise person is the one who prepares himself for the Hereafter, not the one who neglects his faith and falls into the trap of Satan who tells him that he will be forgiven and that he can do whatever he wishes. If we truly believe that the best speech is the Speech of Allah and that he best guidance is the guidance of Prophet Muhammad (saws), we should act in accordance with them, lest we build a proof against ourselves.
Hadhrat Ali Karallahu Wajhahu said: “Mix with the noble people, you become one of them; and keep away from evil people to protect yourself from their evils.” (4)
If we are truly concerned about our fate, we must come to this realisation: those who take us away from remembering Allah, from obeying Him and His Prophet (saws), those who fail to remind us of our daily prayers and those who do not give us sincere advice in regard to our Deen; such are really our foes and not our friends. On the other side, “a believer is the mirror of his brother” (5), and if he sees any faults in the other believer, he draws his attention to it, helps him to give it up and helps him wipe away any evil that he may have.
Ibn Hazm said: “Anyone who criticises you cares about your friendship. Anyone who makes light of your faults cares nothing about you.” (5)
How can we expect sincere advice and exhortation in regard to our religion from those who are displeased with our Deen or are simply indifferent? Are they going to help us achieve the purpose of our life, or will they take us away from it? Will they desire for us Allah’s pleasure or is that Completely irrelevant to them and not their concern at all? Are they leading us to al-Jannah or to the Hellfire? These are the questions we have to ask ourselves, lest we wake up after we die.
“O you who believe! Take care of your own selves. If you follow the right guidance and enjoin what is right and forbid what is wrong no hurt can come to you from those who are in error. The return of you all is to Allah, then He will inform you about (all) that which you used to do.” (The Holly Qur’an 5:105)
We ask Allah to make us of the righteous ones and give us companions that will take us away from His Wrath and lead us to His Pleasure and Paradise.
1- Abu Dawood and at-Tirmithi
2- Al-Bukhari and Muslim
3- Abu Dawood and at-Tirmithi
4- Al-Bukhari and Muslim
5- Abu Dawood, Hasan Hadith
Know that not everyone is suitable to be a friend:
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم (Mohammad PBUH) said:
الرَّجُلُ عَلَى دِينِ خَلِيلِهِ فَلْيَنْظُرْ أَحَدُكُمْ مَنْ يُخَالِلُ
Man is on the religion of his companion, so let one of you choose whom to befriend.
[Sunan Abu Dau’d : 4193]
There are signs, qualities and indications that help one distinguish and choose whom to be friend and associate with according to what one desires from friendship or companionship.
There are religious and material gains to look for in any friendship or association. Material gains include earning money, fame or just friendship and companionship. Religious gains from friendship include learning religious knowledge and imitating righteous actions and statements, so that one might be helped to repel all types of impurity that might attack the heart and hinder from performing the acts of worship.
Therefore, choose a friend or a companion who is wise, good mannered and righteous, who is neither a sinner, innovator in the religion or fond of this life.
We praise Him, we seek His Help and ask for His Forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from all the evils in our souls and from our sinful deeds. Whoever Allah guides, no one can mislead and whoever Allah leaves stray, no one can guide.
I bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship except Allah. He is one and has no partners. And
I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and last Messenger. O believers have fear and consciousness of Allah according to His right and die not except as Muslims.
O mankind, have fear and consciousness of your Lord, the One who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and from them spread many men and women. And fear Allah from whom you demand your mutual rights and do not cut off family relations. Surely Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you.
O believers, have fear and consciousness of Allah and always speak the truth. He will direct you to do righteous deeds and will forgive you your sins. Whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has indeed achieved a great reward.
All the prophets of God including; Adam, Noah, Abraham, Issac, Jacob, and the tribes, Jesus, and Muhammad (peace be upon them), invited the people to the same thing, to worship The One God without any partners, son or associates.
Allah, The Exalted said: “Say you (O Muhammad): “This is my way; I invite unto Allah (i.e. to the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) (with sure knowledge), I and whosoever follows me (also must invite others to Allah i.e. the Oneness of Allah -Islamic Monotheism) with sure knowledge. And Glorified and Exalted is Allah (above all they associate as partners with Him), and I am not of the polytheists.” (The Noble Qur’an 12:108).
All the prophets of God including; Adam, Noah, Abraham, Issac, Jacob, and the tribes, Jesus, and Muhammad (peace be upon them), invited the people to the same thing, to worship The One God without any partners, son or associates.
In order to understand why must worship Allah (The One God,) we must first accept the Oneness of the Lordship of Allah i.e. Tawheedur-Ruboobiyyah.
This means to believe that; there is only One Lord for everything that exist, its Creator, Organizer, Originator, Planner, Sustainer, Authority, Giver of Security, etc. and this is Allah (One God).
The belief in the Lordship of One God cannot be separated by the act of worshipping the One God i.e. Tawheedul-Uloohiyyah. This means to believe that none has right to be worshipped (e.g. praying, invoking, asking for help from the unseen, swearing, sacrificing, pilgrimage, fasting, giving charity, etc.) but Allaah.
The final aspect of Tawheed is the On eness of the Names and Attributes of Allah. This means:-
1) We must not name or attribute anything to Allah except with what Allah or His Messenger has named or attributed to Him.
2) None can be named or attributed with the Names or Attributes of Allaah. E.g. The Mighty (Al Azeez).
3) We must confirm all of Allah’s Names and Attributes stated in His book (The Qur’an) or mentioned through His Messenger (Muhammad without changing them or ignoring them completely or twisting the meanings or giving them resemblance to any of the created things. These three aspects of Tauhid are included in the meaning of Laa ilaaha illallaah (None has the right to be worshipped except Allah).
It is essential to follow Allah’s Messenger, Muhammad and it is part of the worship of the One God (Tawheedul-Uloohiyyah).
This is included in the meaning of ” I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah,” and this means, “None has the right to be followed after Allah’s Book (The Qur’an), but Allah’s Messenger,” Allah said: “And whatsoever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain from it”. (The Noble Qur’an 59:7).
Laa illaaha illallaah is the foundation of Tawheed (Islamic Monotheism) and Islam. It is a complete system of life, through which, all forms of worship (of Allah) are realized. That happens when a Muslim submits himself to Allah, and calls upon Him alone, and refers all issues (of right and wrong) to His Law, to the exclusion of all other systems of law.
“The word ilah (i.e. God), means the One who is obeyed and not defied, out of one sense of awe and reference, love, fear, and hope, placing one’s trust in Him, asking Him and supplicating Him alone.
Whoever directs any of these matters (which are the rights of Allah) to a created being, has detract from the sincerity of his statement La ilaha illa- Allah.
And he has worshipped that created being to the extent he directed those matters toward it”.
The Prophet Muhammad PBUH said: “Whoever says Laa illaaha illullaah sincerely will enter Paradise”. (Reported by Bazzar and declared authentic by Imaam al-Albaanee in Saheeh al-Jami).
The Prophet Muhammad PBUH said: “Whoever says La illaha illa-Allah, it will be his salvation someday, no matter what befalls him before that.” (This was reported by Baihaqi, declared authentic by Albaanee in Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah #1932).
Worshiping Only Allah (SWT)
The purpose of Mankind, the sole reason behind our creation, is to worship Allah Alone: “And I created not the Jinns and men except that they should worship Me (Alone).” [51: 56]
Worship has been defined by Ibn Taymiyyah as being: “a term which comprises everything that Allah (s.w.t) loves and approves of from the apparent and hidden sayings and deeds.”
The main condition for such worship to be accepted however, is that they must be solely made for the Sake of Allah, and no one else. This is the essence of Tawheed, and the Kalima itself, which declares boldly that there is no deity worthy of worship except for Allah.
And Du’a (supplication) is undoubtedly a part of worship, as Ibn Abbas said, “the best forms of worship is the du’a”
[Munthir and Ibn Haakim].
To Allah belongs certain rights, among these including to slaughter in His Name, to prostrate before no one but Him, and to direct Du’a to no one but Him. In this regard, the scholar Ibn Rajab said: “Know that it is an obligation to invoke Allah Alone in Du`a, and not His creation… Admitting (and showing) humility and meekness can only be revealed to Allah, Alone, for this is the essence of worship.”
Ibnul Qayyim said: “And from the types of Shirk, requesting needs from the dead, and Istighaathah from them and direction (of the call) to them, and this is the original of the Shirk of Mankind. Since the dead has his deeds cut off from him, and he cannot cause upon himself any good nor bad, let alone whoever seeks help from him, or asked him to seek intercession from Allah on his behalf. “
Calling upon the dead represents a hollow attempt to seek help from a creature who can benefit the caller nothing. Allah Says: “If you call upon them, they hear not your call, and if (in case) they were to hear, they could not grant it (your request) to you. And on the Day of Resurrection, they will disown your worshipping them” [35: 14]
The argument of the Quraish was similar to that of today’s people: they only invoked their idols as a means or intermediary towards reaching Allah “We only worship them so that they may bring us closer to Allah.” [39: 3]. Similarly, the Walis (saints) and Sheikhs and prophets are still called upon by those seeking need, in the hope that they could fulfil their needs. Yet This practice was never done by the Companions nor their predecessors, but rather was done by Hindus and other pagans who Muslims came in contact with during later conquests.
And if the dead could indeed help anyone, they would help themselves. Take for example Saad Bin Muath, the Sayyid (Leader) of the Ansar, upon whose death the Throne of Allah shook, this exemplary model himself faced the closing in of the grave, yet he had no power to stop this.
So the one who does this faces the torment of death, and the punishment f the grave, and dwells in Hell, for Allah says: “When our Messengers (the angels) come to them to take their souls, they will say: ‘Where are those whom you used to invoke and worship besides Allah,’they will reply, ‘They have vanished and deserted us. ‘And they will bear witness against themselves, that they were disbelievers.” [7: 37].
Yet many will swear that upon asking the dead or those far away for assistance, their du’a is answered. This is no proof for their statements however, and in reality, this is true also of other religions, who worship idols and animals and planets, for they too find their supplications an. Rather, and as the Scholars have explained, any such occurrence is merely a coincidence or an act of the Jinns who seek to deviate Muslims. They rush to fulfil their desires, thus making this act fair-seeming and correct in the eyes of the Muslim.
During the time of the Prophet, there was a hypocrite who was causing harm upon the Believers. So some of them said “Let us go to the Prophet (s.a.w) and ask him to Istagheeth (seek for the removal of harm) for us from this hypocrite.” So the Prophet (s.a.w) replied “Verily, Istighaathah cannot be requested from me, rather, from Allah.” Although it was within the Prophet’s (s.a.w) ability and power to prevent the harm from the hypocrite, and although their request was Islamically valid, he stressed on the importance of using such terms for Allah only, because of the consequent damage it could cause to the Tawheed of his Ummah, had it been used to other than Allah.
Nonetheless, a myriad of Muslims still persist in this vice, even though the Scholars of Ahlus Sunnah have agreed upon its impermissibility. Ibn Taymiyyah commented in this regard: “But whoever takes them (Sheikhs, Awliyaa’, Pirs etc..) as intermediaries between Allah and His creation… So that they are the ones to pass on to Allah the needs of His creations, since (they believe that) Allah gives the guidance and the sustenance because of their intercession, so that the people would ask them (the intermediaries), who will then ask Allah, just as the kings’ intermediaries present people’s needs to the kings because they are closer to them from the need-seeker.. Whoever takes them as intermediaries in this manner, then such person is Kaffir and Mushrik, and should be asked to repent, and should be killed if he refuses; such people are Mushabbiha (resemblers), who have resembled the Creator to His creation, and have adopted partners with Him”.
The ways of the Prophets was to call Mankind to the worship of Allah, to seek His Help in every way, for He is the All-Hearer and All-Seer: “And when My slaves ask you concerning Me, then (say) I am indeed near. I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me. So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.” [2: 186]
Surah Al-Ikhlas (Qur’an: Ch112)- The reason of its revelation and some of its virtues
بَسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ “قُلْ هُوَ اللهُ أَحَدٌ ۞ اللهُ الصَّمَدُ ۞ لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ ۞ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ”
Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem. Qul Huwallaahu ‘Ahad. Allaahus-Samad. Lam yalid wa lam yoolad. Wa lam yakun lahu kufuwan ‘ahad.
With the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful. Say: He is Allah (the) One. The Self-Sufficient Master, Whom all creatures need, He begets not nor was He begotten, and there is none equal to Him.
|The Reason for the Revelation of this Surah and its Virtues|