Taqwa;the Provision of Believers


Ibn Juzayy said in his dictionary of terms from the introduction to his tafsir:
“Taqwa’s meaning is fear, clinging to obedience to Allah and abandoning disobedience to Him. It is the sum of all good.”
And in his commentary:
We will discuss taqwa in three sections.

FIRST SECTION:

Concerning its benefits derived from the Qur’an, and they are fifteen:
  • Guidance, because of His words “guidance for the muttaqeen (the people of taqwa)”;
  • Help because of His words “Truly, Allah is with the people who have taqwa”;
  • Close friendship [with Allah] because of His words, “Allah is the close friend of the muttaqeen”;
  • Love because of His words, “Truly Allah loves the muttaqeen”;
  • Covering over [of wrong actions] because of His words, “If you have taqwa of Allah He will make for you a discrimination and He will cover over for you your wrong actions”;
  • A way out from unhappiness, and provision from where one does not expect because of His words, “Whoever has taqwa of Allah He will make a way out for him and provide him from where he does not expect”;
  • Facilitation of affairs because of His words, “Whoever has taqwa of Allah He will make ease for him in his affair”;
  • Full covering over of wrong actions and magnification of rewards because of His words, “Whoever has taqwa of Allah He will cover over his wrong actions and magnify a reward for him”;
  • Acceptance of actions because of His words, “Allah only accepts from the people of taqwa”;
  • Success because of His words, “Have taqwa of Allah in order that you might succeed”;
  • Good news because of His words “For them there is good news in this world and in the next”;
  • Entrance into the Garden because of His words “Truly, there are for the people of taqwa with their Lord Gardens of bliss”;
  • Salvation from the Fire because of His words “Then We will save the ones who had taqwa”.

SECOND SECTION:

There are ten things which awaken taqwa:
  • Fear of punishment in the next life;
  • Fear [of punishment in] this life;
  • Hope of worldly reward;
  • Hope of the reward of the next world;
  • Fear of the reckoning;
  • Shyness and bashfulness before the gaze of Allah, and this is the station of fearful watchfulness (muraqabah);
  • Showing gratuide  for His blessings by obeying Him;
  • Knowledge, because of His words, “They only fear Allah, of His slaves, the ones who have knowledge”;
  • Exalting and honouring His majesty, and it is the station of awe;
  • Sincerity in love because of the words of the one who said:
“You disobey God while you make apparent that you love Him,
          This, by my life, in analogy is a marvel.
If your love were sincere you would obey Him,
          Truly, the lover towards the one he loves is obedient.”
And to Allah be attributed the good of the one who said:
“She said, and she had asked about the state of her lover,
          ‘For Allah’s sake, describe him and do not omit nor exceed!’
I said, ‘If he had feared death from thirst,
          and you had said, “Stop! don’t approach the water!” then he would not have approached.'”

THE THIRD SECTION:

There are five degrees of taqwa:
  • That the slave should protect himself from kufr (covering over the truth), and that is the station of Islam;
  • That he should protect himself from acts of disobedience and forbidden things, and it is the station of turning or repentance (tawbah);
  • That he should protects himself from doubtful matters, and that is the station of caution or carefulness (wara’);
  • That he should protect himself from even those things that are permitted, and that is the station of doing without (zuhd);
  • That he should protect himself from the presence of other than Allah in his heart, and it is the presence of witnessing (mushahadah).
That ends what Ibn Juzayy al-Kalbi wrote on taqwa.

About Abdullah

Analytical & Creative. --- I'm not a Sheikh or a scholar, I'm just a regular guy in love with this Deen. Don't praise me for practicing my Deen. But pray for me, for the errors, that you haven't seen.

Posted on April 23, 2012, in Articles and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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