Who began the celebration of 3rd Eid?


Who began the celebration of 3rd Eid:


Imam Ibne Kathir (May Allah be pleased with him) says: “Muzaffaruddin Abu Saeed Kokabri” used to decorate the festival/gathering of Eid Milad in the Rabbi ul Awwal and one Sheikh Ibne Dehiya gave a book prepared concerning to this Milad on which this king happily gave 1000 Dinar to Ibne Dehiya, the (people who) entered to the prepared/decorated festival/gathering of Muzaffaruddin describes the scene this way that there were numerous camels, cows and goats used to be slaughtered for entertainment with same there were halwa (dense sweet confection), gathering used to begin by Zuhr(noon) till Fajr(Dawn) and along with mystic, king also used to dance.”
(البداية والنهاية : 160/7)

It is proved that this innovation was invented by Muzaffaruddin Abu Saeed Kokabri in 7th century, this is also proved by the people who decorated and held the festival.
Mufti Naeem Ahmad Yar Khan Gujrati says:
“The king who invented this first was Shah Arbal.”
(جاء الحق : 237)

A well known scholar of these people Cleric Abdus Sami Rampuri says:
“The celebration of Milad Shareef began later, means in the last of 6th century.”
(انورا ساطعة مع براهين قاطعة : 163)

Molana Ghulam Rasool Saeed Hanafi Barelvi a Sheikh (master) of Hadith Jamaya Naemia says:
“Salaf Saliheen, means the companions and Tabiéen did not celebrated/started gathering/festival of milad.”
[Sahih Muslim,شرح صحيح مسلم : 179/3)

When Allama Fakahani was asked about this, he said:
“I don’t know any reality of this Milad in the book of Allah and the tradition of the Holy Prophet and the scholars of the Ummah who are going to hold the religious example and mutaqaddamin (to those who will come in future), none of them reports this practice, whereas it’s an innovation which is founded by idol worshipers, self desires full fillers and stomach worshipers (those who just wants to fill their stomach irrelevant from where they earn).”
(المورد في الكلام المولد بحواله حسن المقصد في عمل المولد : 223/1)

Salaf Saliheen (pious predecessors) did not celebrated this milad despite the fact that there is a stability in this act and no hindrance (for doing it), and if this practice is well or better/superior then Salaf Saliheen are more deserving persons in comparison to us, they are more strict in comparison to us in the love and honor to Holy Prophet and they were more solicitous, big deal in his(Prophet) love and honor is in the inside(secret) and outside(open) obedience, in submitting in front of the command of him(Prophet), keeping alive the Sunnah of him (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and the commands with which the he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was sent, in spreading them and doing Jihad with heart, hands and tongue on these commands and this is the way of Ansar o Muhajireen who are the foremost leaders and was (the way) of those who obey it perfectly.”
(اقتضاء الصراط المستقيم لمخالفة أصحاب الجحيم : 615/2), [Eqtza as siratul Mustaqim, Le Mukhalefat as habel Jaheem: 615,2]

Hence! Eid Milad (Celebration of the Birth day of Prophet Muhammad PBUH) is an innovation in the Religion, which is invented and used for political gain by the king Muzaffaruddin Saeed Abukokabri of the 7th century hijrah, and the scholar who collected the data and content was Ibne Dehiyah. This practice an increment in the Religion which is renowned as Bid’ah (Innovation), and for Bid’ah, the Holy Prophet Muhammad PBUH has said:
“To proceed, the best speech is the Book of Allah and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad PBUH, the worst practice is the introduction of new practices in Islam and every Bid’ah is misguidance.”
(Sahih Muslim)

Abdullah Bin Umer (May Allah be pleased with him) said:
“All bidat (innovations in religion) are errors, whether they appear apparently good to the people.”
(Sunan Ad Darmi, سنن الدارمي)

The Prophet Muhammad (Peace and mercy be upon him) said:
“If anyone introduces in our matter something which does not belong to it, will be refected.”
(Sahih Al Bukhari, Muslim)

The Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace and mercy be upon him) has said:
“Allah Ta’la does not accept the repentance of a Bidati (innovator) unless he leaves that bid’ah.”
(Sahih Al Targheeb w al tarheeb)

About Abdullah

Analytical & Creative. --- I'm not a Sheikh or a scholar, I'm just a regular guy in love with this Deen. Don't praise me for practicing my Deen. But pray for me, for the errors, that you haven't seen.

Posted on February 6, 2012, in Prophet Mohammad (Peace be up on him), Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Bookmark the permalink. 3 Comments.

  1. History of Celebrating Mawlid an-Nabawi Sharif
    1. Hadrat Allama Mulla Ali Qari narrating the routine of the people of Madina Munawwarah writes,

    “The people of Madina Munawwarah (May ALLLAH have Mercy on them) used to arrange and attend mawlid gatherings with great enthusiasm and sincerity on the occasion of Mawlid Sharif.” [Mawrid ar-Rawi Fi Mawlid an-Nabawi, Page 29]

    2. Ibn Jauzi says:

    “People of Haramain Shareefain (Makkah and Madinah) and Egypt and Yemen and Syria and of the eastern and western cities of Arabia hold functions in celebration of the birth of the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam), they rejoice at the sighting of the moon of Rabi al-Awwal, bathe and put on their best dresses adorn themselves in various ways, put on scent, and give alms with great joy, and exert themselves in listening to the Mawlid of the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam). By doing so, they themselves attain to success, as it has been proved that by celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) much good accrues the whole year round, security and comfort, greater means of livelihood, increase in children and in wealth, peace in cities and contentment and peace in homes.”

    References:

    1. Tafsir Ruh al-Bayan by Allama Ismail Hiqqi, Vol. 9, Page 56
    2. Milad al-Uroos – Urdu “Bayan-e-Milad-un-Nabi”, Page 34/35, Published in Lahore.
    3. Ad-Durr al-Munazzam, Page 100/101
    4. Al-Milad an-Nabawi, Page 58

    3. Gatherings of Mawlid an-Nabi SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam was switched to Prose in 3rd/4th Hijri then 700 years back from today, A pious and virtuous person named Umer bin Mullah Muhammad Mousli Alaihir RaHma established it on regular basis. Following him the great commander Sultan Salahuddin Ayyubi’s dearly loved Sultan Arbal Malik Abu Saeed Muzaffar al-Din celebrated Mawlid an-Nabi officially. Ibn-e-Khalqaan Arabali Sha’fai was eyewitness of that festival.

    4. According to “Tarikh-e-Mar’at az-Zaman” billion of rupees were used to spend on those festivities. In the beginning of 7th Century of Hijri Calendar; Great Scholar named Abul Khattab Umer Bin Hasan dah’hia Qalbi Andalusi Balansi wrote a book on the topic Milad an-Nabi SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam named “At-Tanveer Fi Mawlid as-Siraj al-Muneer”. In 1207, He went to Sultan Arbal’s castle and presented his book on Mawlid to him, for which he was awarded thousand Gold Coins from Sultan. This was the status and respect of Mawlid Shareef in hearts of earlier leaders of Islam.

    5. Not only Sultan Arbal, King of Egypt celebrated the Mawlid Shareef; Allama Ibne Juzri Alaihir RaHma is one the eyewitnesses. For the celebration of this festival 1000 Mithqal of Gold was spent on it. Sultan Abu Hamu Musa Talamsani and earlier rulers of Aqsa and Andalus used to Celebrate Mawlid an-Nabi SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. Abdullah Tonsi Summa Talamsani has written the details of these festivals in his book “Raah al-Arwah”.

    References:

    1. Subl al-Huda wa ar-Rishaad Fi Seerah Khair al-Ibaad by Muhammad Bin Ali Yusuf Damishqi
    2. Ad-Durr al-Munazzam Fee Hukmi Mawlidin Nabi Sallalahu Alaihi Wasallam
    3. Wafyat al-Da’yaan Anba’a Abna az-Zaman, Published in Cairo
    4. Allama Muhammad Raza Misri’s Muhammadur Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam, Published in Lahore, Page 33
    5. Ahsan al-Maqsad Fee Amilil Mawlid
    6. Anwar as-Sati’aa (1307 H), Pg 261, Published from Murad Abadi

    6. It is stated in Seerah al-Halabiya that:

    Muslims have been celebrating gatherings of Mawlid Sharif in large cities for-long. [Seerah al-Halabiyah, Page 80]

    7. Shaykh Yusuf bin Ismail an-Nabhani states:

    Dwellers of Makkah visits Birthplace of Prophet Peace be Upon him on the eve of Mawlid an-Nabawi every year and arrange enormous gatherings. [Jawahir al-BiHar, Page 122]

    8. In “Fuyudh al-Haramain”, Shah Waliullah has pointed out,

    “The birth of the Prophet (SallAllahu Alaihi wa Sallam) was celebrated by the people of Makkah who received blessings on account of it.”

    9. The Al-Qibla Newspaper of Makkah al-Mukarrama witnesses:

    On the eve of Mawlid an-Nabi SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam celebrations are observed in Makkah and dwellers of Makkah name this day as Youm al-Eid Mawlid ar-Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam. People use to cook food. Ameer of Makkah and Commander of Hijaz with their army use to visit birthplace of Prophet Peace be Upon Him and recites Qasida there. Rows of shining candles are positioned from Haram al-Makki to Birthplace and Shops and Houses on the way are also decorated. People use to recite Qasaid whole day at Birthplace. On the night of 11th Rabi al-Awwal after Isha, Mawlid Gathering is organized. From Maghrib prayer of 11th Rabi al Awwal to Asar Prayer of 12th Rabi al Awwal, after every prayer Salutations of 21 tanks is presented.

    References:

    1. Al-Qibla Paper – Makkah Mukarramah
    2. Monthly Tariqat – Lahore, January 1917, Page 2/3

    10. Encyclopedia of Islam verifies:

    On the Eve of Mawlid an-Nabi; whole Islamic world is observed to be delight and celebrating it. And it is celebrated till now with enthusiasm and integrity. [Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol. 21, Page 824, Published By: Punjab University, Lahore]

    11. Ibn Jawzi in his book on Mawlid, says:

    In Haramayn (i.e. Makkah Mukarrama and Madina Munawwarah), in Egypt, Yemen rather all people of Arab world have been celebrating Mawlid for long. Upon sight of the moon in Rabi ul Awwal their happiness touches the limits and hence they make specific gatherings for Dhikr of Mawlid due to which they earn immense Ajr and Success. [Bayan al-Mawlid an-Nabwi, Page 58]

    12. Shah Waliullah Dhelvi mentions one of his all time wonderful experiences as:

    I took part in a gathering of Mawlid inside Makkah where people were sending Darood and Salam upon Prophet (Peace be upon him) and commemorating the incidents which took place during the time of the blessed birth (before and after) and those which were witnessed before He was appointed as a Nabi (such as Noor eliminating from Bibi Amina Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anha, she seeing Noor, woman proposing to Sayyiduna Abdullah Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anho on sighting the Noor on his forehead etc…) suddenly I saw Noor to have enveloped one group of people, I don’t claim that I saw this with my bodily eyes, nor do I claim that it was spiritual and Allah knows the best regarding these two, however upon concentration on these Anwaar a reality opened upon me that these Anwaar are of those Angels who take part in such gatherings, I also saw Mercy to be descending along with Anwaar of Angels. [Fuyudh al-Haramayn, Pages 80/81]

    13. Shaykh al-Islam Imam Ibn Hajr al Haytami (Rahimuhullah) writes:

    The gatherings of Mawlid and Adhkaar which take place during our time, they are mostly confined to good deeds, for example in them, Sadaqat are given, Dhikr is done, Darud and Salam is sent upon the Prophet (SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam) and he is praised. [Fatawa al-Hadithiyyah, Page 202]

    14. The 7th-century historians Shaykh Abu al-Abbas al-Azafi and his son Abu al-Qasim al-Azafi wrote in their Kitab al-Durr al-Munazzam:

    Pious pilgrims and prominent travelers testified that, on the day of the Mawlid Shareef in Makkah al-Mukarrama, no activities are undertaken, and nothing is sold or bought, except by the people who are busy visiting the noble birthplace, and rush to it. On this day the Holy Ka’abah is opened and visited.

    15. The famous eighth-century historian, Ibn Battuta relates in his Rihla that

    On every Jum’uah after the Salah and also on the birthday of the Beloved Prophet Alaihis Salat wa as-Salam, the door of the Holy Ka’abah is opened by the head of the Banu Shayba the doorkeepers of the Holy Ka’abah while on the Mawlid Shareef, the Shafi’i head judge of Makkah al-Mukarrama, Najm al-Din Muhammad ibn al-Imam Muhyi al-Din al-Tabari, distributed food to the descendants of the Beloved Prophet Alaihis Salat wa as-Salam and to the people of Makkah al-Mukarrama.

    16. The historian Shaykh Ibn Zahira from his Jami al-Latif fi Fadli Makkata wa-Ahliha; Shaykh al-Haytami from his book al-Mawlid al-Sharif al-Muazzam; and the historian Shaykh al-Nahrawali from al-Ilmam bi-Alam Bayt Allah al-Haram says:

    Each year on the twelfth of Rabi al-Awwal Shareef, after Maghrib Salah, the four Qadhis of Makkah al-Mukarrma (representing the Four Sunni Schools) and large groups of people including the jurists and notables of Makkah al-Mukarrma, Shaykhayn, Zawiya teachers and students, magistrates and scholars, leave the Mosque and set out collectively for a visit to the Noble Birthplace of the Beloved Prophet Alaihes Salato Salaam, shouting out Dhikr and Tahlil.

    The houses on the route are illuminated with numerous lanterns and large candles, and a great many people are out and about. They all wear special clothes and they take their children with them.

    Inside the Noble Birthplace, a special sermon for the occasion of the birthday of the Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam is delivered. Hereafter the Dua’ for the (Ottoman) Sultan, the Ameer of Makkah al-Mukarrma, and the Shafi’i Qadhi is performed and all pray humbly.

    Shortly before the ‘Isha prayer, the whole party returns to the Great Mosque, which is almost overcrowded, and sit down in rows at the foot of Maqam Ibrahim.

    A similar description is given by Shaykh al-Diyar Bakri (d/960) in his Great Sirah entitled Ta’rikh al-Khamis fi Akhbari Anfasi Nafis.

    • Abrar Ahmad, tomorrow what ever you have written will become a book, if anyone gives references from your nonsense and say that it is authentic. Then what deen people will be following?

  2. Sirajuddin Ansari , jeddah Saudi Arabia

    Assalam Alaikum
    Despite the fact the majority muslims in India are celebrating Eid Miladunnabi which is really a bidah and against the teachings of over beloved prophet Sallallah alaihe w sallam. May Allah give them them hidaya to follow the true path of Islam by leaving this bidah.

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