بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
ALLAH Ta’ala says in the Quran:
يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ إِذَا نُودِىَ لِلصَّلَوٰةِ مِن يَوۡمِ ٱلۡجُمُعَةِ فَٱسۡعَوۡاْ إِلَىٰ ذِكۡرِ ٱللَّهِ وَذَرُواْ ٱلۡبَيۡعَۚ ذَٲلِكُمۡ خَيۡرٌ۬ لَّكُمۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ تَعۡلَمُونَ (سُوۡرَةُ الجُمُعَة
Translation : “O you who believe! When the call for jumu’ah salaat is made, hasten towards the remembrance of ALLAH Ta’ala and leave all transactions. This is best for you if only you know. “
Rasulullah (ALLAH bless him & give him peace) said: “The person who has a bath on Friday, purifies himself as far as possible, applies oil to his hair, applies perfume, leaves for the musjid, when he arrives at the musjid he does not sit down by removing anyone from his place, offers as many nafl salaats as possible, when the imam delivers the khutbah he remains silent – then his sins from the previous jumu’ah till now will be forgiven. “ (Sahih Bukhari)
Friday (Jumu’ah) is the best day of the week:
Abu Hurairah reports that the Messenger of ALLAH sallallahu alehi wasallam said: “The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. [On Friday] Adam was created and on that day he entered paradise and on that day he was expelled from paradise. And the Hour will come to pass on Friday.” This is related by Muslim, Abu Dawud, an-Nasa’i, and at-Tirmizhi who calls it sahih.
Abu Lubanah al-Badri relates that the Prophet said: “The most prominent of the days [the leader of the days] is the day of Jumu’ah and the most honored in ALLAH’s sight, and it is more honored in ALLAH’s sight than the day of breaking the fast or the day of sacrifice (both Eid days). It has five significant merits: ALLAH created Adam on this day; on this day ALLAH sent Adam down to the earth; on this day, ALLAH caused Adam to die; on this day, there is a time during which if anyone asks anything of ALLAH it will be granted to him unless he asks for something which is forbidden; and on this day, the Hour will be established. There are no angels close to ALLAH or sky or earth or wind or mountain or sea who are not worried concerning the day of Jumu’ah.” This is related by Ahmad and Ibn Majah. Al-Iraqi says its chain is hasan.
Making many prayers and salutations upon the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam during the night and the day of Jumu’ah
Aus ibn Aus reports that the Prophet said: “The most virtuous of your days is Jumu’ah. On that day, Adam was created and on that day he died, (on that day) the horn will be blown and the people will be dumbfounded! Increase your prayers upon me as your prayers upon me will be presented to me.” The people said: “O Messenger of ALLAH, how will our prayers be presented to you when you have passed away?” He said: “ALLAH has prohibited the earth from eating the bodies of the Prophets.” This is related by the five, except for at-Tirmizhi.
Recitation of Surah al-Kahf :
It is preferred to recite surah al-Kahf during the day and night of Jumu’ah.
Abu Sa’id al-Khudri reports that the Prophet said: “Whoever recites Surah al-Kahf on Jumu’ah will have illumination from the light from one Jumu’ah to the next.”
This is related by an-Nasa’i, al-Baihaqi, and alHakim.
Ibn ‘Umar reports that the Prophet said: “Whoever recites Surah al-Kahf on Jumu’ah will be blessed with a light that will rise from underneath his feet to the peak of the sky. This will be a light for him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will be forgiven for what is between the Jumu’ah [and the next] Jumu’ah.” This is related by Ibn Mardwwiyah with a faultless chain.
Supplications during Friday:
One should do one’s best to make supplications during the last moments (or hours) of Jumu’ah.
‘Abdullah ibn Salam relates: “I said, and the Messenger of ALLAH was sitting: ‘We find in the Book of ALLAH that on Friday there is an ‘hour’ in which, if a believing slave prays to ALLAH for something, his prayer is (indeed) accepted and he is granted what ever he prays for.’ The Messenger of ALLAH pointed toward me and said: ‘Or part of an hour.’ I said: ‘You have spoken the truth: or part of an hour.’ I asked: ‘What hour is it?’ He replied: ‘The last hour of the day.’ I remarked: ‘That is not a time of salah?’ He responded: ‘Certainly [it is]; if a believing slave offers salah and then sits, he will not be sitting, save due to the salah, and he will be in salah.”‘